Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gingival (gum) tissue – either above or below the gum line. These bacteria colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable, or completely fall out. The pockets between the gums and teeth become deeper and house more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body. Prophylaxis is an excellent procedure to help keep the oral cavity in good health and also halt the progression of gum disease.
Prophylaxis is recommended twice annually as a preventative measure, but patients who suffer from periodontal disease it is recommended to be seen every 3 to 4 months for a periodontal maintenance.
If you have questions or concerns about prophylaxis or periodontal disease, please contact our practice.